Questions About Services You Must Know the Answers Toadmin | June 2, 2018 | 0 | Health Care & Medical
What Is A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. This article will provide you with the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – this department will include cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Each of those units can be studied alone in a single course, try checking this page. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of the clinical laboratories in different health institutions will differ from different places. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. There will also be a need to know if a pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine by doing a sensitivity test. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.